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Phonics is the way in which we teach children to read and write. During their time in EYFS and KS1, the children at taught to identify the sounds in spoken English and match them with individual letters or groups of letters. 

To help support your children at home with their phonics, please see the list of key vocabulary below. 

Segmenting - splitting words into their individual sounds to help us spell them

Blending - putting individual sounds together so that we can read a word

Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound in a word

Grapheme - a letter or letters that represent the phoneme

When practising phonemes, it is vital that you do not add an "u" sound to the end!

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Here at Mosaic, we follow the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised approach to teaching phonics.  The fundamental aim is to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right, as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven. To ensure consistency for the children, we use flash cards and images from the Little Wandle scheme to support the learning. 


Phonic Phases

During their time in reception, the children will move through phase 1,2,3 and 4. Each child takes part in a phonics session each day where they use images, repetition and activities to cement their understanding of each phoneme within each phase. 

Phase 1

Phase 1 is divided into 7 aspects: 

  • Environmental sounds

  • Instrumental sounds

  • Body sounds

  • Rhythm and rhyme

  • Alliteration

  • Voice sounds

  • Blending and segmenting

Phase 2


Phase 3


Phase 4


Phase 5


Parent Resources and Videos

Parent Resources and Videos

To help your child further develop their phonetic knowledge at home, please click the link below which will take you to a bank of videos teaching each of the phases taught in reception, year 1 and 2. Choose the autumn tab to go to the start of each year group's phase.  

Year 1
Year 2

If you would like to print an overview of phases 2 - 5 to support your child's phonics at home, please click the link below for the Twinkl phonics mat. 

For further advice on how to support your child with phonics at home or to find out which phase they are currently learning, please speak to your child's class teacher or email and mark it for the attention of the class teacher. 

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